A Guide to the Different Types of Plastic Surgery

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Plastic surgery is a booming industry, with trends shifting every so often. What were popular procedures ten years ago are nowhere near as popular now.

An industry worth billions of dollars, plastic surgery has come a long way since its inception. Originally all kinds of plastic surgery options were done on or with wax.

Nowadays, things are much more professional and even more popular than ever before.

Are you considering plastic surgery? Let’s briefly look at some different types of plastic surgery in more detail.

Cosmetic Surgery

The most common type of plastic surgery is cosmetic surgery, performed to improve the appearance of a person’s face, body, or skin. The different types of plastic surgery include the following:

The first is rhinoplasty. Also known as a “nose job,” this procedure reshapes the nose for aesthetic or functional purposes. Blepharoplasty is a plastic surgery procedure that improves or corrects particularly drooping upper eyelids and puffy bags under the eyes.

A facelift is a procedure that tightens and smoothes skin on the face and neck for a more youthful appearance. Breast augmentation is a cosmetic surgery procedure that involves placing implants in the breasts to increase size and fullness.

Liposuction is a procedure that removes excess fat from specific areas of the body through a suction process. A tummy tuck is a procedure that removes excess skin and fat from the abdominal area for a tighter, smoother stomach.

Lastly is Brachioplasty, also known as an arm lift. This cosmetic procedure can help to improve the appearance of your upper arms by reducing excess skin and fat. Check out the arm lift by Dr. Markelov to better comprehend this procedure.

Reconstructive Surgery

Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct functional impairments caused by burns, trauma, congenital defects, or disease. It is generally performed in order to improve the quality of life for patients.

One common type of reconstructive surgery is tissue expansion. This is often used to correct defects in the skin or other tissues. It involves the use of a balloon-like device that is inserted beneath the skin.

The balloon is then inflated over a period of time, gradually stretching the skin. This can be used to create new skin for grafting or to stretch existing skin so it can be closed over a defect.

Another common type of reconstructive surgery is flap surgery. This involves the transfer of tissue from one area of the body to another.

The tissue is generally taken from an area where it can be easily spared, such as the thigh or back. The flap is then rotated into the desired position and sutured in place. This type of surgery is often used to correct defects in the face or hands.


Microsurgery is a type of plastic surgery that involves the use of a microscope to magnify the surgical area. This generally refers to surgeries performed on very small, delicate areas using very small incisions, such as the hands, eyes, or ears.

Because microsurgery is so delicate, it requires a very high level of surgical skill and training. It is often only performed by plastic surgeons who have completed additional fellowship training in microsurgery.

The Different Types of Plastic Surgery

Though often considered expensive and unnecessary, plastic surgery can be a life-changing experience. It can help improve self-esteem and confidence, as well as alleviate medical conditions. Before undergoing different types of plastic surgery, it is important to consult with a board-certified plastic surgeon to ensure you are a candidate and to understand the risks involved.

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