A Beginner’s Guide To Different Types Of Poetry Styles | A Poem Book Guide

Jennifer Betts 0

Poetry has been around for about 4,000 years. Poetry styles, impart ideas, express emotions, and generates imagery, just like other literary genres. Poets select words based on their connotations and acoustics, then arrange them in a rhythmic pattern known as the meter. Some poems use rhyme schemes, with two or more lines ending in words that sound similar.

Poetry still plays a significant role in modern art and culture. Poetry has a long lifespan and people are reciting it for decades, from Shakespeare’s sonnets to Maya Angelou’s thoughtful works. Moreover, professional book writers USA has a comprehensive guide to poetry that assists you in your poetry journey.

Poetry – What Is It?

Poetry is a kind of literature that uses a condensed, lyrical arrangement of words to express a notion, depict a scene, or tell a tale. We can arrange poems with rhyming lines and meters, which base a line’s rhythm and emphasis on syllabic beats. Poems may also be free-form, which has no set format.

A verse is the fundamental unit of a poem. A stanza, which is a collection of lines alluding to the same idea or subject, is comparable to a paragraph in prose. Depending on how many lines a stanza has, we can break it into smaller sections. A couplet, for instance, is a stanza with just two lines.

How Do Stanzas Work?

A stanza is a term that defines the major section of a poem in poetry. Moreover, it is a section of poetry made up of lines that is of the same idea or subject, analogous to a paragraph in prose or a line in a song. Every stanza of a poem has a distinct theme and function. Rhyming patterns and meters, the syllabic beats of a line are used to organize a stanza. Furthermore, it may also take the form of an unstructured, free verse. Find out more about poetry stanzas here.

Here is a list of several forms of poetry, some of which have intricate rules and others that are relatively straightforward. 


The sonnet could be the first poetic form that comes to mind when you think about poetry. It’s a very old form that dates back to the 13th century in Italy. Furthermore, if you want to adhere to the rules, there are two popular forms to choose from: Petrarchan (or Italian) and Shakespearean (or Elizabethan). Sonnets, which typically have 14 lines, frequently deal with love, including lost love, wedded love, forgotten love, the desire for love, etc. For instance, William Shakespeare, “Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds.” is a fine example of a sonnet.


A haiku is a three-line poem with its roots in Japanese culture. There are five syllables in the first line, seven in the second, and five again in the third. Most frequently, haiku is about nature and frequently includes a seasonal allusion. They frequently have two opposing pictures or concepts.


Similar to the sonnet, the villanelle is a complex, ancient form. Writing a villanelle has the benefit of a lot of repetition; after you’ve decided on some of the lines, you may utilize them repeatedly. But it can be difficult to infer meaning from so much repetition.

Poets compose Villanelles of five opening stanzas of three lines each, a closing stanza of four lines, and a total of 19 lines. It rhymes with ABA, ABA, ABA, ABA, and ABAA. There are just two rhyming sounds in this sentence. Additionally, lines 6, 12, and 18 all have a repetition of line 1. Lines 9, 15, and 19 all repeat line 3. 


Similar to the villanelle, sestinas contain a lot of repetition, although rhyming is not necessary. Six stanzas of six lines each make up the sestina, which also features a closing stanza of three lines. Additionally, each of the next stanzas’ line endings repeats the first stanza’s final six words, and all six words appear in the poem’s final three lines.


This sort of poem is not bound by form; rather, defined by its theme, which is death. An elegy is a poem about grieving, usually for a specific individual, although it can also be about a group of people or a greater sense of loss. Elegies frequently progress from sadness to consolation. “O Captain, My Captain” by Walt Whitman is an example of an elegy.

Concrete Poetry

We also know concrete poetry as shape poetry or visual poetry. It creates a certain image or shape that improves the meaning of the poem. Besides that, a concrete poem can take the corny form of a love poem that is written in the form of a heart. 

Women by May Swenson In this poem, women are described as “pedestals moving to the motions of men,” and the poem itself serves as an example of the swaying that women are required to perform under the control of males.


Do you want to write something short? Attempt an epigram. It’s as simple as being bright and witty in a few lines. Epigrams are brief and witty, frequently satirical, and have a startling and amusing finale.


The ballad is for you if you wish to read a story or tell a story in poetry. It’s an old, traditional form that was passed down orally from generation to generation. Furthermore, ballads are in quatrains, groups of four lines, with an ABAB or ABCB rhyme pattern. Moreover, the lines alternate between being eight and six syllables long. However, the ballad is a form that you can make whatever you want out of it.                   

“Annabel Lee” by Edgar Allan Poe is a superb example.


An ode is poetry dedicated to a certain person, event, or item. It is frequently used to laud or glorify its topic. In addition, the ode is a genre of poetry that originated in ancient Greece. There are numerous ode varieties, but fundamentally, if you are addressing something/someone directly, you are composing an ode. For example, “Ode to a Large Tuna in the Market,” by Pablo Neruda. The poem begins as follows:



among the market vegetables,

this torpedo

from the ocean


a missile

that swam,


lying in front of me


Free Verse

This is the type of poetry that allows you to do whatever you want! There are no guidelines! You don’t utilize regular rhythm or rhyme patterns, and you don’t require lines of a certain length or stanzas of a certain number of lines. Thus, this is both freeing and horrifying at the same time. Yes, you can do everything you want…which sometimes makes it difficult to know where to begin. But give it a shot and enjoy the freedom!

What Is the Definition of Meter in Poetry?

Many aspects can be applied to structure a poem. Rhyme is likely the most ubiquitous of these characteristics, appearing in many artistic works ranging from limericks to epic poems to pop lyrics. Meter, which enforces precise length and emphasis on a given line of poetry, is also crucial.


Now that you’ve learned about the numerous classic poetry forms mastered by poets of the past, how do you want to write your own?