Dental Surgical Instruments Used in Orthodontic Procedures?

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Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with aligning and positioning the abnormal and mal-positioned teeth, jaws, and bite patterns. It involves all steps, including examination, prevention, and treatment. Dentofacial orthopedics also comes under this treatment in which orthodontists modify the facial growth. From the beginning, it is very common to have teeth and jaws with abnormal alignment. Research reveals that about 50% world population has malocclusion and needs orthodontic treatment.

For this purpose, dentistry has invented a number of dental surgical instruments for more effective and atraumatic procedures. These tools help orthodontists to treat all the possible problems related to patients’ teeth arrangement. Mostly, people use braces to get their teeth aligned, but it is a lengthy and laborious method. Braces ruin your smile and also create problems while eating. So, orthodontic instruments have better feasibilities to get rid of the problems. It is necessary for the experts to have all the required instruments in good health. A better instrument can help carry out a better treatment. The common orthodontic instruments include cotton pliers, orthodontic pliers, wire cutter/pin and ligature cutters, distal end cutters, bite sticks, posterior band removers, and many more.

Commonly Used Dental Surgical Instruments in Orthodontics

In orthodontics, there are several instruments. Each one of them has a separate job. Moreover, all instruments possess some variations to meet multiple requirements. Here, we will discuss some commonly used orthodontic tools.

 Dental Mirrors

A dental mirror is an important piece of orthodontic equipment. It has a round mirror on one side of an ergonomic handle. Its basic function is to make those teeth visible and examinable, which are not reachable with the naked eye. It can clearly show the back mouth teeth. 

Moreover, its three important functions are to allow indirect vision to the dentists, retract the soft tissues, and reflect light on the desirable surface. The image by the dental mirrors is clear and accurate.

Wire Cutter/Pin and Ligature Cutters

These special oral surgery instruments have two sharp and strong beaks. They help cut plastic ligatures. Stainless steel wire is attached to the braces, so the wire cutter helps cut that in a fine way. Speaking of their structure, they can have straight or curved beaks, which assist in several processes.

Cotton Pliers

These special dental surgical instruments have two beaks with pads that help place and remove the archwire during the procedure. Moreover, orthodontics can place cotton rolls with the help of cotton pliers in isolation. Also, they can hold small objects in the patient’s mouth.

Contouring Pliers

This plier instrument has tapered jaws with a slight bow. One beak of the tool is convex while the other is concave, which allows re-contouring of the bands. Moreover, the beaks’ shape can be variable. It is useful in re-contouring and adopting an orthodontic band to the teeth.

Bracket Holder

This orthodontic instrument helps grasp the brackets securely during the placement procedure. It works by applying and releasing pressure for opening and closing purposes. The control mechanism of the instrument may vary. In addition, the bracket holder has multiple sizes.

Mosquito Artery forceps

These orthodontic forceps are used to place and grasp modules, power chains, and orthodontic separators. They are also available in several sizes to accommodate dentitions requirement.

Orthodontic Bracket Card

These special dentistry instruments assist in holding and organizing bracket cards for effective placement. Every circle on this card represents a specific tooth in the mouth. Therefore, the dentist places them to bind the particular teeth. For keeping the bracket in its exact position, the orthodontist tapes the on the backside of the card.

Distal End Cutters

It is basically a plier that helps cut the distal ends of the archwire. It has two cutting surfaces which are at the right angle to the axis of the instrument. So, it can easily slice through the terminal ends of the archwire. Moreover, it has an ergonomic design to fit inside the mouth. Thus, it ensures that no cut wire remains on the backside of the mouth.

Bite Sticks

During the orthodontic procedures, bite sticks help push the bands to their exact place. Its other name is band seater. It may be single-ended or double-ended with several handle styles.

Posterior Band Removers

These special orthodontic dentistry instruments function opposite to the bite stick. As bite sicks help place and position the bands while posterior band removers assist in removing the bands from the patient’s mouth. They possess two ergonomic beaks, one flat and the other nylon tipped. So, they can easily remove the metal bands from the back teeth.

Cheek Retractors

Cheek retractors are unique dental surgical instruments that help to create enough space for the dentist to work easily. In fact, they prevent trauma during the procedure. They hold back the cheeks so orthodontics can easily examine and treat the misaligned teeth. They can be disposable or autoclavable. Mostly, stainless steel retractors are preferred, as they are durable and long-lasting.

Periodontal probes

It is a diagnostic oral instrument with a sharp pointed end. It helps measure the pocket length. Also, it measures the health of gingival tissues around the tooth. Besides, dentists can easily evaluate the area of inflammation with the help of periodontal probes.

Orthodontic pliers

They help orthodontists to place stops and torque the archwire. In addition, they can form loops and contour the archwire. They are multi-functioning dental instruments.

Get High-Quality Oral Surgery Instruments

Dentistry instruments are very important as they have direct contact with human oral health. They should be ergonomic and prime-quality. If you are an orthodontist, endodontist, periodontist, or oral surgeon, always prefer the best equipment. Moreover, you should be well aware of the standards and specifications of the instruments. At GerMedUSA Inc., you can get the best quality Dental Surgical Instruments. All our instruments have medical-grade german stainless steel as a primary material. Moreover, we have a valuable warranty policy and special discounts.


Why autoclavable cheek retractors are better than disposable ones?

Autoclavable dental retractors have stainless steel material. Therefore, they are rust-free, reusable, and durable. While disposable ones can be used only one time.

What is the difference between orthodontic pliers and cotton pliers?

Orthodontic pliers can contour and torque the archwire. While cotton pliers help carries small objects and places the cotton rolls during the procedure.

What makes our dental instruments special?

Stainless steel material, robust structure, ergonomic design, and multiple variations make our instruments unique for dental practice.



Edward Robinson is a Professional Content Writer having 4 years of experience. Writing about Technology and new tech trends is my passion.

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with aligning and positioning the abnormal and mal-positioned teeth, jaws, and bite patterns. It involves all steps, including examination, prevention, and treatment. Dentofacial orthopedics also comes under this treatment in which orthodontists modify the facial growth. From the beginning, it is very common to have teeth and...Dental Surgical Instruments Used in Orthodontic Procedures?