Developing a vessel safety management system can help ensure that the health and safety of people aboard the ship are well maintained. This includes developing a culture of health and wellness aboard ships and analyzing the reasons for and the cause of unsafe situations.
Analyze the reasons for and the lead-up to unsafe situations
Identifying the factors that lead to unsafe situations in a vessel safety management system can help prevent major accidents. The current study aims to investigate whether crew self-reported safety attitudes and behaviors influence the subsequently recorded safety outcomes.
The study was conducted on a fleet of chemical tanker vessels operating in the Arctic and Baltic waters. Crew members were asked to report incidents that were close to occurring. The company’s safety management system recorded the number of reports. Each report was classified as a “near-miss” or an actual incident.
Surveys were distributed to 450 crew members. The survey contained 122 statements on safety factors. Each crew member was assigned a number of incidents. They were then given a reminder to complete the survey. The ship’s health, safety, environment, and quality department distributed the surveys to each vessel. Each vessel’s name was associated with a survey code.
Safety attitudes were found to be associated with safe behavior. Crews who had positive attitudes to safety were more likely to follow safety procedures and regulations. This may lead to fewer incidents and near misses.
Crews with positive attitudes to safety were also less likely to report unwanted incidents. The effect was statistically significant in a one-tailed test. However, the remaining associations did not show significant association in the pre-registered model.
Develop a culture of health and wellness aboard ships
Developing a culture of health and wellness aboard ships as part of a vessel safety management system is a key component of an overall safety strategy. It helps shipowners to communicate to seafarers their commitment to improving the conditions of their vessels. A good safety culture onboard ships can save injuries, lower insurance costs, and improve the image of a shipowner.
Organizational culture has a significant impact on the quality of work life. This can be measured by self-efficacy and organizational support. Generally, the quality of work life is higher among employees who feel supported.
Employees who felt supported felt more energized, less fatigued, and better prepared to cope with adversity. The same may be true of seafarers.
The study suggests that a more effective SMS incorporates the incorporation of health and wellness. This could lead to industry-wide standardization of health and wellness policies and programs.
Organizational culture also has a significant impact on seafarers’ quality of life. This was shown through the findings of the study’s questionnaire. It included questions on organizational culture, self-efficacy, perceived fatigue, and the quality of work life.
The model used to measure the quality of work life was based on the Culture-Work-Health model developed by Peterson and Wilson. The model is a simple, but highly effective way to identify influential factors affecting organizational culture.
Costs and benefits associated with internal or third-party audits of SMSs
Identifying the costs and benefits associated with internal or third-party audits of vessel safety management systems is an important consideration in the industry. Having a clear understanding of these costs can allow organizations to make more informed decisions about how to implement or enhance their safety programs.
The cost of implementing a safety management system varies greatly depending on the company’s size and the number of employees. However, there are some basic cost-saving measures that should be considered. Firstly, a company should establish standardized operating procedures to ensure that non-routine tasks are performed safely. Secondly, a company should carry out periodic audits to check for compliance with its policies.
In addition, companies should establish procedures for emergency situations and drills. These procedures should be integrated with the vessel’s operation. This will help the crew to respond to hazards.
Finally, a company should ensure that its pollution prevention procedures are effective. These are important for the long-term success of the safety program.
A safety management system is an important tool to ensure that an organization is performing as efficiently as possible. This system helps to assess organizational performance and provides confidence to all stakeholders. However, the system can also hinder organizational freedom and innovation.
A safety management system is a complex system. It requires certain job responsibilities and specialized training. It also requires a vessel to be properly maintained and inspected.