What is the history of the Internet and the World Wide Web?
Internet is an integral part of our lives now. And we all need a reliable connection so that our online surfing stays uninterrupted. With top-notch internet services providers available today like CenturyLink, Xfinity, Hughesnet, etc it has become easier for people from all around the world to connect easily.
It has greatly impacted the fields of commerce, education. And health sectors across the globe and undoubtedly has turned the world into a ‘Global Village’. Whether it is our shopping today or any payments; everything is reliant on an internet connection. With us using the internet. And the World Wide Web for practically everything, it does spark interest in how it all came into existence.
Let’s take a deeper look into what is the internet and the World Wide Web.
The internet is a designed system that allows diverse computer networks all around the world to communicate. It is commonly referred to as the network of the networks. The building blocks were laid. For the internet back in the 1970s in the United States, however. It was brought to the public for common access in the 1990s.
The internet has a broad and powerful capability that can be used for nearly any information-based purpose. It is easily accessible to anybody who can connect to one of its constituent networks. People today widely use it for social communication purposes. It does facilitate contacting others through social media. Platforms and whether through emails or social media sites or the easy exchanges of video and audio materials. Through the internet, people can collaborate from all locations around the world. Many programs like the World Wide Web can use it to access information digitally.
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web or what we commonly refer to as ‘WWW’, is the internet. Most popularly used information retrieval service. Hypermedia or Hyperlinks or the electronic connections that do the linking between the similar bits of information. And offer the users quick access to them, provides users. With access to a huge array of documents link to each other over the web.
The web follows the Internet’s core client-server model, with servers storing and transmitting documents to other computers connected to the network, whenever requested. And clients request documents from a server whenever the users may ask for them. Users can view the documents that have been retrieved using the browser software.
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History of the Internet
The internet had started in the 1960s and had initially been a method for the government to researches and share such information. However, it will not be wrong to regard 1st January 1983 as the day that the Internet was born. Before this, there were no substantial ways for the computer networks to communicate with one another. Internetwork and Transfer Control Protocols came into existence. This allowed various types of computers on several networks to communicate with one and another. The TCP and IP are the universal languages that connect every computer and internet today.
The cold war played a catalyst in bringing ARPANET into existence which ultimately led to the internet. However, ARPANET was for military purposes and therefore its membership was highly exclusive to only certain academic and military research organizations.
In the 1980s, the rapid growth of the Internet needed new administration mechanisms, such as the Domain Name System. Users had to memorize numerical addresses to access the relatively limited number of host networks in its early iterations, but this proved impossible as the number of connected networks grew. With the rise of local area networks, Internet administrators created the DNS to build easily recognized host hierarchies to make Internet navigation easier.
History of the World Wide Web
The World Wide Web is perhaps the invention that most aided the establishment of the Internet as a global information-sharing system. WWW was all the effort of one individual, Tim Berners Lee at CERN. He created a database system ‘Enquire’. Enquire was a rudimentary database of individuals and software who worked at Berners Lee’s location. He experimented with hypertext while working on this project. Hypertext is text that can be displayed on hyperlink-enabled devices. Each page of the database in the Berners Lee Enquire system has hyperlinks pointing to other relevant pages in the system.
World Wide Web
He first mention of ‘World Wide Web’ was made by British scientist Tim Berners-Lee in March 1989 when he wrote an article for Communications Magazine called “Information Management: A Proposal.” However, it wasn’t until 1991 that the first web browser – Mosaic – was created to view images on these connected networks.
Berners-Lee created the universal resource locators (URLs), which are the basis for Web addresses under the DNS, by taking advantage of the Internet’s gateways and avoiding centralized registries. URLs were created to emphasize the Web’s primary strength: each link can go to any other document or resource on the Internet, or in the “universe of information,” as Berners-Lee describes it. URLs are formatted to indicate the type of space being visited, for instance, by using the prefixes HTTP or FTP, then the specific address within that space.
The final piece of the WWW puzzle was the medium’s lingua franca: (HTML) Hypertext Markup Language, a set of codes based on hypermedia principles developed in the 1940s that tells browsers how to parse files for the Web.
August 6th, 1991 was the day when the first-ever web page got launched. The World Wide Web aided in propelling the Internet to a new level of public consumption, and both were drastically revolutionized as a result, as was the society that used them.
We use the internet to fulfill several tasks in our daily lives. We have become dependent on this technology in innumerable ways and that is undeniable. When there is something so much inculcated in our lives, it does peak the interest as well to know how it all began. So above was the brief history of how the internet and the world wide web came along to be what it is today.
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