With the arrival of summer and high temperatures, it is common for users of any electronic device to notice that the temperature of their devices is higher than usual, especially if we are talking about devices that are used for a long time such as computer or mobile phones.
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An increase in temperature above certain limits can be problematic or even fatal for an electronic device, and on a mobile, it is as simple as letting it rest, turning it off, or taking it out of the sun, but on a computer, things get complicated since it surely has to do with the age of the parts and the cooling system being used.
Today we are going to see the most important considerations about cooling a computer, and understand why it is so important for its correct operation and the extension of its useful life. Did you sign up?
How important is cooling in a computer?
Good ventilation and cooling are so important that it is simply essential. Trying to use a computer that does not have heat sinks in the CPU, for example, even if they are the bad ones that come from the factory when you buy a processor, is synonymous with burning the part.
It is common that when users begin to get started in the world of Hardware or to assemble their own computers, they do not give ventilation the real importance it has, spending large sums of money on parts such as processors, and graphics, and leaving a little aside buy good refrigeration.
Who would want to spend money on a tubed clunker or a fan-heavy device knowing you could spend it on a better graphics card or better RAM?
Well, we are going to explain below the three main reasons why it is so important that you do not forget to buy that misunderstood cooling, especially if you want to mount or are using a computer with high performance and many hours of use.
For a team to work well, not only is the adequate power of its components for the use that is being given to it important, but also to carry out adequate maintenance so that they can work in optimal conditions, in this maintenance of their optimal conditions control of the temperature at which they work.
Most of the components of a computer can work in an environment of extreme cold at 0ºC for example, that is why low temperatures are not usually a problem for the operation of current equipment, since no matter how good domestic cooling is, it is almost impossible for it to drop to levels that minimally affect the components.
However, with the heat, the story changes, since in summer the structure of a computer, even more so if it is used at high performance, can become a real oven.
Without proper cooling, a processor can easily exceed 100ºC, yet the temperature at which it should be operating within safe limits should not exceed 60ºC.
The safe operating temperature is different from one component to another, each manufacturer includes in the instruction manual the temperature limits that it considers acceptable for its equipment; above that temperature, the performance of the pieces plummets, until it reaches the point that they can be damaged, turn off by themselves to avoid long-term damage, etc.
One of the clearest symptoms that you need to improve the cooling system of your computer is that you notice that it goes much slower than usual with the heat, and in more advanced cases that it directly shuts down or restarts; a very clear indication that something is not right and may be related to temperature.
If the performance of computer parts is greatly affected by temperature, if that high temperature continues it can lead to long-term damage to components.
For example, if a computer shuts down due to high temperatures and it is not solved, there will come a time when the parts are suffering so much that they can burn, change shape or directly melt in very extreme cases.
In general, consider that from 60º C you should start thinking about lowering a few degrees, because you are asking the equipment to withstand a lot of heat, and as soon as it rises a little you can have serious problems.
Equipment Cooling Maintenance
Just as it is important to have a good cooling system, it is also important to maintain that system so that it works properly.
Depending on whether you are using liquid or air cooling, the maintenance is different, but there are some guidelines that they have in common:
One of the things your cooling system is constantly doing is pulling in cooler air from outside, and pulling hotter air out from inside your computer tower or gaming pc tower.
The dust in suspension that is in the air, the small particles, the hair of animals and people, and in general everything that is floating in the air will accumulate inside the equipment in the filter systems, and fans, and deposit on computer components over time.
Accumulating a little dust and dirt inside the equipment is normal and unavoidable in a home computer or in gaming computer cases, so it is important to carry out regular cleaning to remove all these remains and prevent them from not only damaging the components but also the equipment is well cooled.
It is very common, for example, that they are deposited on the blades of fans , so you will have to arm yourself with a soft bristle brush and remove as much dust as possible.
Another good option is to use compressed air, you can find cans of compressed air that will help you remove the most stubborn traces of dust, just make sure that you do not use air compressors like those at gas stations, as they can release drops of water and it is not good for the team.
Thermal paste is responsible for dissipating heat from the processor and passing it to the cooling system, but over time it loses its properties and must be replaced.
Changing the thermal paste once a year is highly recommended, and if the use of the equipment is very intensive, it is recommended to do it every 6 months.
fill liquid cooling
If your computer has a modular liquid cooling circuit, you will have to refill the liquid inside it in the period of time dictated by the manufacturer, normally 3 to 6 months.
If you don’t, the cooling will lose performance until finally the liquid runs out and it’s like having nothing.
There are other liquid cooling systems, such as those used to cool the CPU only, which, in addition to achieving very good results, do not require you to fill them with liquid, only to clean their radiator fans as if they were an air ventilation system. it was treated
Clean box filters
Many models of computer cases have filters that are responsible for filtering the air so that dust and dirt accumulate as little as possible inside the equipment.
It is important that you clean the filters on a regular basis to allow the entry and exit of the air to be as fluid as possible, so now you know, arm yourself with a brush and give it a go.
If the filters in your case are removable, you will have it much easier when it comes time to clean it, and there are some that can even be washed, so keep that in mind when you go to change the computer case.
High temperature can be a problem for the useful life and performance of your computer, it is important to control it and react in time to replace or clean the cooling system, and thus avoid burnt parts and unpleasantness.
- Remember to do the following:
- Control the temperature of your computer, consider that exceeding 60º can start to be a problem
- Monitor excess dirt in the cooling system
- Clean the outer filters of the computer case
- Perform regular maintenance every 6 months of the cooling system
- Change the thermal paste once a year
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