What is Neurovascular Surgery and When Do You Need It?


According to a study conducted by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, it was discovered that 16.8 percent of global deaths result from neurological diseases. 

In India alone, an estimated 30 million people suffer from various forms of neurological disorders. Neurovascular diseases claim a large chunk of these mortality figures.

Once a neurovascular disease occurs in a patient, performing surgery is the best course of action in most cases. Hence, you have to be very careful while choosing the neurosurgeon for the procedure. And you do not want anything but the best neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore for proper treatment.


What is a Neurovascular Disease?

Neurology deals with the study and treatment of nervous system disorders. The human nervous system is divided into two main sections – central and peripheral nervous systems. 

The central nervous system encompasses the brain and the spinal cord. A neurovascular disease points to all disorders wherein an area of the brain is permanently or temporarily affected because of an ailment of the blood vessels. 

In this case, the brain could be affected either through bleeding or restricted blood flow. To avoid chances of developing vascular diseases in general, you must maintain a healthy lifestyle. Prevention, after all, is always better than cure.  


Symptoms to Look Out For

As with any disease, there are early signs that you can be wary of when it comes to neurovascular diseases. Restrictions in blood flow in the brain can happen for many reasons, including vessel narrowing, clot formation, blood vessel rupture, etc. 

If you are experiencing two or more of these symptoms, then consider visiting the best neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore after conducting the necessary research.


  • Chronic headaches
  • Chronic pain in muscles over ten weeks
  • Dizziness
  • Vertigo
  • Numbness or muscle weakness on one side of the body
  • Motor problems, including trouble grasping objects and walking
  • Trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Changes in personality or behavior


Common Neurovascular Diseases

Neurovascular diseases can have a detrimental impact on one’s health, resulting in severe disability or, in some cases, even death. People with diabetes, a history of heart disease, a high tendency to smoke, and a high cholesterol level may develop a neurovascular disorder faster than others. 


Here are some prevalent neurovascular diseases:


  • Ischemic stroke and vascular insufficiency
  • Cerebral and spinal aneurysms
  • Cerebral and spinal arteriovenous fistulae and malformations
  • Vascular tumors
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Moya-Moya disease


Taking a Call on Neurovascular Surgery

The question is when to go in for neurovascular surgery? The first step towards deciding whether you may or may not need surgery is to get an expert opinion from an experienced neurosurgeon. 


There are mainly two types of neurovascular surgeries used to treat disorders with blood vessels of the brain or spinal cord – endovascular and open neurosurgical procedures.


Endovascular surgery – This technique uses minimally invasive procedures in combination with advanced imaging techniques. It is employed to treat conditions such as aneurysms, stroke, etc. Compared to open neurovascular surgery, this procedure has a faster recovery rate and produces less stress on the patient.


Open neurovascular surgery – Most neurovascular disorders can be taken care of using minimally invasive techniques. But for some diseases like neurovascular malformations, an open surgical approach is the more effective and safer form of treatment. 


In general, the field of neurosurgery and neurovascular surgery has seen a phenomenal advancement globally. The chances of recovering from neurovascular disorders are steadily on the rise. A good, affordable hospital with an expert medical practitioner team can help a patient lead a fulfilling life.

Patients with strokes or ruptured aneurysms may have portions of their skull removed to relieve pressure in the brain. The skull can be reconstructed with the removed bone, or you may need a skull implant. Thanks to the neuroplastic approach, customized implants can be created to help restore your preoperative appearance and minimize visible deformity.

Our neurovascular surgeons use catheters to perform procedures in the brain through arteries in the groin, eliminating the need to open the skull. These procedures could vary from finding a blood clot causing a stroke and removing it, to placing coils in the brain to repair a ruptured aneurysm and stop bleeding.

Offering endovascular procedures requires neurosurgeons trained in working with the vascular systems and labs with the equipment needed to perform complex treatments safely and efficiently. Our neurovascular lab is the only in North Florida and South Georgia with the necessary technology.

Who would need an endovascular procedure?

Endovascular procedures are primarily used to treat two types of patients – those who have a neurological condition that is found during an exam and need treatment to prevent future complications, and those who are critically ill and may have experienced an emergency such as stroke or a ruptured aneurysm.

Historically, these patients were required to travel outside of the area, sometimes hundreds of miles away, to receive care. We are proud to be the first facility in the region to offer these revolutionary treatments so patients can recover close to home.

Cerebrovascular (or Neurovascular) disease refers to a group of conditions that affect the circulation of blood to the brain, causing limited or no blood flow to affected areas. These conditions are typically very serious and can even be deadly.

Nebraska Medicine offers comprehensive endovascular and cerebrovascular treatment by highly trained and skilled surgeons to provide you the best outcome possible.

We provide treatment for:

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Arteriovenous Malformations
  • Brain Aneurysm
  • Carotid Stenosis
  • Cavernous Malformation
  • Carotid Dissections
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

Minimally Invasive Options for Treating Aneurysms

An aneurysm is a protrusion in the wall of a blood vessel that can form in any artery, including in your brain. Most aneurysms occur in the aorta – the body’s largest artery, which travels from your heart down the center of your chest and abdomen. Small aneurysms can often be left alone, but treatment should be considered for larger aneurysms. A ruptured aneurysm can quickly become life-threatening and requires prompt medical attention.

Brain Aneurysms

We offer two options for treating brain aneurysms — the traditional surgical clipping which involves removing a small section of the skull to locate and exclude cerebral aneurysms. Our endovascular surgeons also offer a minimally invasive approach called endovascular coiling.

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edward robinson
Edward Robinson is a Professional Content Writer having 4 years of experience. Writing on Technology and new tech trends is my passion.
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