What is STI? How to prevent them? What are the treatments?

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Sexually Transmitted Infection, known in layman’s terms as a sexually transmitted disease, is the name for a group of infectious diseases affecting the sexual reproductive organs of humans. STIs occur worldwide, but some are much more common in specific populations, such as gay men. STIs are usually caused by the multiplication of viruses and sexually transmitted bacteria and are spread by unprotected sexual contact. If you have any doubt regarding STIs or feel like you should have a checkup, you must consult the best sexologist in Delhi.

More about STI

Most STIs cause no symptoms, but some can cause conditions such as infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, or chronic or persistent pelvic pain. There is no vaccination for STIs and no cure. Treatment may involve drugs for the specific symptoms or may also include antibiotics to help prevent the spread of the infection. Sometimes antibiotics are given as a short course to clear the infection up completely. Unfortunately, antibiotic use leads to some bacterial resistance. For example, penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has become prevalent in HIV/AIDS patients. If you think you have an STI, it is essential to see a doctor who can determine if treatment is needed. I have some more information on sexual health. You can also find out more about STIs at Planned Parenthood.

How do we prevent them?

Use condoms as if you were never going to have sex! Seriously! In all forms of sex, with penises and vaginas, condoms are your best friend. We know it’s a pain in the butt sometimes, but it will prevent the spread of STIs for years to come. (These days, using condoms is recommended even in mono sex, when you might not have genital contact.) Condoms can protect you from STIs (and from nasty bacteria in the mouth), HIV, STDs, and HPV (female genital warts) if used consistently and correctly. Use a birth control method that stops pregnancy. The use of condoms is NOT the only method of contraception. Another method is to use barrier methods (condoms, diaphragms, female condoms, spermicides) like the rhythm method.

What are the treatments?

Depending on the disease, treatment may include medications, antibiotics, or a combination of drugs and antibiotics. Antibiotics are usually needed to kill the infections. Antivirals (i.e., Zovirax, Gullane) may be helpful for genital infections caused by human papillomaviruses (HPVs), which cause genital warts. Treatment with antiviral medication (Gemcitabine) can cure HPV genital infections.

Often, there is no cure for STIs, but there are treatments that can help manage the symptoms or reduce the risk of infection. The National Institutes of Health have a good article on sex-related health.

For most STIs, the doctor will take a sample from your genitals, rectum, or throat and send it to a laboratory. A simple urine test will not do it! They will also order a blood test to check for antibodies to the disease. (An antibodies test detects the antibodies that your body produces against the STI.) After getting an STI diagnosis, you may be asked to follow-up with a doctor to make sure the infection is gone. In some cases, treatment will include taking antibiotics, or undergoing an internal or external abortion. In rare cases, treatment can include surgery.

What are the symptoms?

Generally, the most common symptoms of an STI are vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal pain, or pain in a man’s penis.

Other symptoms may include:

  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • rash or blisters
  • fever
  • cold sores or blemishes (on your genitals, buttocks, vagina, anus, mouth, or tongue)
  • headache
  • painful urination
  • weakness or fatigue
  • back pain
  • pimples, or bumps, on the skin

 Conclusion

If you find any doubt or any symptoms regarding STIs, you must consult the best doctors, and if you are looking for the best sexologists in Noida, then we highly recommend you to visit Gautam Clinic, they have helped many people. We hope our article will help you and guide you to make the right decision!